CULTURAL WORKINGS

Welcome to THE CULTURAL WORKER, a blog dedicated to arts of the people ranging from the radical avant garde and free jazz to dissident folk forms and popular arts . The Cultural Worker celebrates revolutionary creativity and features a variety of essays, reviews, fiction, reportage, poetry and musings through the internet pen of this writer, musician and cultural organizer. Scroll straight down and you'll also find an extensive historical Photo Exhibit of cultural workers in action, followed by a series of Radical Arts Links. The features herein will be unabashedly partisan---make no mistake about that. The concept of the cultural worker as a force of fearless creativity, of social change, indeed as an artistic arm of radicalism, has always been left-wing when applied with any degree of honesty at all. No revolutionary act can be truly complete in the absence of art, no progressive campaign can retain its message sans the daring drumbeat of invention, no act of dissent can stand so strong as that which counts the writers, musicians, painters, dancers, actors, photographers, film and performance artists within its ranks. Here's to the history and legacy of cultural work in the throes of the good fight...
john pietaro

Sunday, May 26, 2013

Performance Review: B.A.L.L., Bowery Electric NYC, May 25, 2013



B.A.L.L.
Bowery Electric, NYC, May 25, 2013
Concert review by John Pietaro


 Gloomy skies and chilly rain moved in on this late-May evening, and the East Village was covered by that certain grayness it was once known for. If you squinted just enough, you could almost avoid the bistros and hipster joints that now line the Bowery in place of the dive-bars, restaurant supply houses and dusty bodegas that once were. Remember when there was an artful edginess to this town, downtown? While most of the creative community has been priced out of the chromium rentals that have sprung up everywhere that cool resides, thankfully there are still pockets of inspiration hidden between the Bowery Mission and the million-dollar views. Just a block north of where CBGB once stood, post-Punk NYC commanded the stage: B.A.L.L. reunited for the first time in 25 years. And at the crossroads of Bowery and Joey Ramone Place, no less. 

The Bowery Electric contains a bit of the feel of CBs, and its basement haunt—where the live music plays—resounds with crackly amplifiers and stinging cymbals. The dungeon-like exposed brick may be missing the old LES graffiti, but as the black leather-and-jeans crowd in this tight room grew in anticipation of the music, it brought you back. The members of B.A.L.L. had been there then ---in that amazing time and place when the rebel yell of Punk Rock romanced the liberation of Free Jazz and downtown contemporary composition. Its off-spring included No Wave and a wide pastiche of alternative experimental sounds. Kramer, B.A.L.L.’s bassist and a patron saint of this radical emulsion had studied with improvisational music guru Karl Berger and listened intently to the catalog of ESP Disk in his youth. By the late 70s and early 80s he was recording and touring with the likes of Daevid Allen’s NY Gong, the Chadbournes (with Eugene Chadbourne, John Zorn, and David Licht), Shockabilly and the Fugs; by ’85 he was a member of the Butthole Surfers. B.A.L.L. came along shortly thereafter, as well as Bongwater (with Ann Magnuson) and collaborations with GG Allin, Jad Fair and others. Kramer would, over the next few years, bring his NoiseNewYork studio to the forefront of this musical mélange of the cerebral and the rude and his record label Shimmy-Disc would stand as quite legendary. These days, Kramer’s homebase is Florida where he runs his Second-Shimmy label, which has released work by Zorn and others as well as Kramer’s latest take on deconstructed pop, ‘The Brill Building’. He also mixes and masters the albums of many other artists including, I need to state as a disclaimer, the debut disc of this writer’s band The Red Microphone, ‘The Red Microphone Speaks!’ (2013).

B.A.L.L.’s front man, vocalist and guitarist Don Fleming also carries with him a certain pedigree. After working for years in regional new wave bands, he first came to cult prominence as the voice of the Velvet Monkeys and then joined Half-Japanese with Jad Fair. Fleming was inspired by the work of Lou Reed and the origin of the Velvet Monkeys name is found in a combination of both the Velvet Underground and, yes, the Monkees. You can hear the Reed inspiration still back there in his searing guitar work that is just as driven by bluesy R&B runs. However, for the past dozen years he has worked at the Alan Lomax Archives, these days serving as its Executive Director. 

The band has had two drummers from the start as Kramer wanted to capture the feel of double drummers that he heard at George Harrison’s ‘Concert for Bangladesh’ (there it was Ringo and the brilliant Jim Keltner). Jay Spiegel was a member of the Velvet Monkeys and Half-Japanese before joining this band, and then after the initial break-up, he left with Fleming to form the alternative rock band Gumball and also played briefly with Dinosaur Jr and did some work with Thurston Moore as well. 

Drummer/percussionist David Licht, another veteran of the downtown experience, served as the “other” through most of the original B.A.L.L. years. A founding member of the Klezmatics, Licht was also the pulse of Shockabilly and then Bongwater, but he is also noted for work with Ned Rothenberg, John Zorn and Tom Cora. Licht had worked very closely with Kramer on numerous projects so when B.A.L.L. came to be it was natural that he would be immediately engaged for it; he left the band in ’88 as things began to fall apart. It was disappointing that for this reunion show, Licht was not present. However Bob Bert of Sonic Youth and Pussy Galore fame was a fitting substitute and walloped the old numbers into a throbbing heartbeat along with Spiegel.

B.A.L.L. has always been known for its sense of parody and wicked humor. None of the old theatrical antics were present at the Bowery Electric but the musical sneer was unmistakable. The ensemble took to the stage and launched off into this material (which, as rumor has it, they’d only prepared for the night before), with a glint in the eye. The audience erupted and those down front pounded the stage. The band laughed and shouted over the rumble of double drumming and snaking guitar and bass lines. Fleming’s voice bellowed warmly whenever Kramer’s bass met his range and then improvised new counter-points. In the lives of band mates on the road, anything is possible and the hardships of the Business have withered away many a union. But there was no indication of old animosity as Fleming came to the lip of the stage, in reach of the mixed-age group dressed in Bowery black. Kramer popped up and down on as the musical heights rang through the club, pointing the neck of his vintage Hofner violin bass to the hot lights and disco ball hovering just above. Strapless, as always, he seems to at once embrace his instrument and dance around it. 

A welcome sound was B.A.L.L.’s signature guitar and bass duo leads; during points when the rhythm would break and Fleming would embark on a swirling buzzsaw guitar solo, he was joined seconds into it by fluid bass improv raked over distortion. Here’s where the band differs from most others of their generation, of any generation. The ingredients of post-Modernism will simply not go away and seemed to thrive on the feedback, primal screams and garage rock façade. Think back to Television and then to Richard Hell’s Voidoids and then to the work of its thrilling, inventive guitarist Robert Quine as he became part of the experimental tapestry beyond. At their best B.A.L.L. seemed to encapsulate all of this at once. At this reunion show there were few points of free play and I must admit I longed for more. As the tension would build in the music, the piece would come to its conclusion, even when there surely was room to take it further out. But no complaints here as the band was living in the moment and offered up “single” versions which filled the house and loomed over the shouting, waving audience like a sparkling storm cloud. There were no dull moments and from my spot on the stairwell that led into the main crowd area, the air was electric. 

Some of the old material heard included their cover of Ringo Starr’s “It Don’t Come Easy”, sang by Spiegel, but as always, the B.A.L.L. version was world’s away. The lyric, there in the dark of a damp Bowery night spot in 2013 seemed to speak of the band’s journey and with it, all of us who remember the time and place. They shouted through “The Ballad of Little Richard”, with all of its jagged rhythmic obstacles carefully navigated. And then when they would lean on a groove and the bass line would tease the audience with a discofied throb, the house rocked on as if listening to a hit blaring out of the latest MP3 collection, arms flowing overhead, butts swaying, bottles of Bud aloft. 

The stage lights appeared to grow hot as Fleming left a guitar solo midstream and placed his ax down at the foot of an amplifier, He snuck away as his instrument emitted a whirling feedback, growing progressively louder. The two drummers exploded into a dual (perhaps duel) solo statement, with tom-tom accents, cymbal bursts, rim-shots and ratamacues shooting back and forth and back again. Kramer’s fuzz bass moaned over them and then was placed on the stage with the grinding feedback moaning and growling underneath, now matching and embellishing Fleming’s guitar wail, and he too ran into the “wings”. The drummers pounded on, evoking a kind of savage ‘Rich vs Roach’ vision as crash cymbals waved violently and threw the spotlights’ glare around the hall. Culminating in a series of angry sixteenth notes racing faster and faster and then a final accented boom and they too were off. The air thickened with the fading sounds of audio noise and ear drum ringing as the music claimed the night. 

And the street.


Friday, May 17, 2013

RE-BIRTH OF A BLOG: ADVENTURES IN REVOLUTIONARY JAZZ

RE-BIRTH OF A BLOG
....ADVENTURES IN REVOLUTIONARY JAZZ

Spending countless wonderful hours immersed in music performing and working to organize a series of concerts, not to mention time dedicated to my day job as a union representative (these days with the NYS Nurses Association), I have more than neglected this vehicle of communication, my blog. So when I turned to it just today I made some changes in photos, shifted some things around, added links, etc, but I also came to the realization that I have never used this blog as blogs are intended. Since its founding, THE CULTURAL WORKER was never really written in sort of diary form, I really never thought of this as a voice for my day-to-day thoughts. Instead it became a clearinghouse of all of my writings on radical arts. Not only a catalog of older pieces but also a space for every new article, review or bit of commentary I devised in the period between about 2008 and 2011. I used considerable energy and time writing the bulk of these pieces, what with research and much artful focus, and in the past couple of years this allotment of time energy has been saved for performing free jazz, new music and the like.  One only has so much in reserve! But upon further consideration---and inspired by the blog of friend and fellow musician Matt Lavelle---I have decided that THE CULTURAL WORKER can be all things. So without any more rambling, let me backtrack to where all of this revolutionary fervor in the music originated...



While writing had always come natural to me, I can trace my fusion of it music in the form of one time and event: early September, 1998, as I prepared a speech for The Hanns Eisler Centenary Festival. I had begun organizing the Festival nearly a year prior and had become increasingly fascinated with the tapestry of musical, social and political revolutionary happenings found within Eisler’s manuscripts. This masterful composer, a constant, stinging irritant to the Nazi power structure swelling in and around Germany of the 1920s-early ‘30s, partnered with legendary poet-playwright Bertolt Brecht on some of the most daring of radical theatre works. Eisler’s music, at times the bizarre marriage of atonal lieder and mass marching song, was downright infectious as I listened through scratchy German-language 33 RPM recordings and the occasional hard-to-find CD. The next step was to read the translations of Brecht’s lyrics—and this was the deciding factor. This music was not new to me for I’d become a fan in the early 1980s during college and then engaged in it actively while performing on xylophone and percussion within New York’s Downtown improv scene, but I was now listening with a new, visceral comprehension. And while I’d been enjoying Brecht’s work with Kurt Weill for many years, and it pulled me in deeply, Eisler’s rawness—a painful rawness wrapped in bold Modernism--seemed to be the apex of revolution as art. Suddenly, all of my Left inclinations toward music up until that point became clear and vital to me. 

In order to better build this Eisler centenary event, I did earnest research into the man, his music, his personal life and history. I sought out any and all resources available and, after placing an ad in the now defunct New Music bible—‘Ear’ magazine--I organized a wonderful group of diverse musicians, a steering committee, which met at baritone saxophonist and composer Fred Ho’s Brooklyn apartment. While our numbers grew to perhaps a dozen, ultimately Fred, along with composer/guitarist Jeffrey Schanzer, punk guitarist Scott MX Turner, and I became the core the Composers’ Circle for Social Change--a contemporary organization inspired by 1930s coalition the Composers Collective of New York. The Composers Collective’s deep connection to Eisler also served as a model for me to further investigate the important place US-based Communist, Socialist, anarchist and generally radical artists have had within revolutionary movements. My findings were enlightening to say the least.
Research also led me to conduct several powerful interviews, the outcome of which has stayed with me in a marked way over the years. Among those interviewees was Sis Cunningham, whom I visited with in her apartment on West 98th Street in upper Manhattan; it was a veritable folk revival museum. We spent the entire day together, singing radical songs and speaking about Sis’ times with the Almanac Singers, with her late husband and collaborator Gordon Friesen, about her founding of Broadside magazine and of course about the impact that the music of Eisler had on her. Sis’ story is recounted in the main text, but what stayed most with me was the spark in her otherwise very tired-looking eyes as she spoke about Eisler and Brecht’s “In Praise of Learning” and how she taught it to a vocal group comprised of four young, southern mill workers who had no musical training whatsoever. 

I also spent several hours in the Greenwich Village apartment of Mordecai Bauman and his wife Irma, who spoke about not only Eisler’s influence but his company: Mordy had been the vocalist who toured the country with Eisler in the 1930s when he first arrived in the United States, singing Eisler’s melodies as the composer himself accompanied at the piano. He even spoke of the time that one of their performances put them into contact with Arnold Schoenberg, the master composer who’d been an important teacher to Eisler, and whom Eisler had not seen in years. And he spoke of his close friend, Paul Robeson, too. These conversations were dripping with history. 

The Hanns Eisler Centenary Festival occurred at the Brecht Forum, then located in a drafty old office building on West 27th street in Manhattan, on an upper floor reachable only by a small, unsteady elevator. The building reminded you of a setting from a Dashiell Hammett novel, but it was always worth the ride to hear brilliant Marxist lecturers, powerful cultural presentations and vexing discussion. I was proud to have my event occur in such company. Our Festival included performers such as singer-songwriter David Rovics, pianist/composer Bernadette Speech (appearing here as a vocalist), vocalist/guitarist Matt Jones of the SNCC Freedom Singers, poet Tuli Kupferberg of the Fugs, plus a representative of the Woody Guthrie Archive and others. Of course there also was ‘the Eisler Project’ ensemble featuring the celebrated musician Fred Ho’s baritone sax (and poetry recitation), noted alto saxophonist Rudresh Mahanthappa, gifted composer Jeffrey Schanzer’s lead electric guitar, Scott MX Turner’s electric guitar and voice, Larry Towers’ fretless bass and my own drumkit and voice. The group performed unique, indeed radical, adaptations of Eisler’s music, arranged by myself or other members, and also accompanied some of the vocalists. Mordecai Bauman, unannounced, came in to speak as well, but Sis Cunningham, who’d wanted to come until the last moment, was already experiencing illness and needed to cancel. Still, the vibe was electric.

The Festival was a 2-day event including a screening of the Eisler documentary “Solidarity Song”, a panel discussion, and a concert. During our panel discussion, I spoke of the history of Left music as seen from the perspective of the Eisler birth anniversary:

“It is during this year of 1998, specifically July 6, 1998, that composer/activist Hanns Eisler’s centenary occurred. This anniversary arrived with little outward fanfare, but for some of us this was a monumental occasion. Eisler’s one-hundredth, some 36 years following his death, is an opportunity to celebrate music’s role as a tool in the much celebrated and often maligned Class Struggle. This most immediate and expressive of
the arts has an intricate and winding history in its status as an instrument, if you will, for social change. And this history stands within and apart from Eisler’s looming legacy.
Since humanity’s actions have been chronicled, countless composers, performers, indeed cultures have managed to thrive via their tuneful messages of dissent while in the face of great oppression. Whether the oppression has been Euro-American imperialism, tribal-cultural sexism, Eastern-bloc suppression, economic depression or similar onerous behaviors inflicted by our own elected officials, musicians have long fought back through creative means. So relevant was this cultural force that during World War 2, Woody Guthrie’s guitar was tagged: ‘This Machine Kills Fascists’.

It is notable that the fascists harshly condemned Modernism and its proponents: any outspoken, adventurous sounds were immediately labeled “Bolshevist”. While Hitler, Goebbels and associates may have been beyond tasteless in their personal visions of art, the accusation of Leftism was not accidental. The political Left of the 1920s and ‘30s often saw the avant garde as their birth rite. It was new, revolutionary! Communists and Socialists welcomed Modernism, Expressionism, the New Objectivity—even as folklore and roots music became embraced in the search for patriotism by ideologies both Left and Right. This appeal to The People continues to be used functionally by political musicians from these opposite poles, however the lasting output has always been of the Left, the progressive movement. Whether or not the final product was Modern or traditional, 12-tone or plainsong, it was—and is—the intent of the art that ultimately moves the masses…

Perhaps the Eisler Festival’s greatest gift to me was its inspiration toward further writing, further research, further composing and performance of this music of revolution. It led me to focus my musical repertoire on songs of solidarity and struggle and to engage in performance in expansive ways: not only to continue this work as a percussionist, but to embark on a project in which I took on the front-man role, playing banjo and singing. While I thought it would just be a tool for isolated rallies, the focus on this performance medium lasted for several serious years. I  recorded two compact discs in collaboration with my gifted bass player wife Laurie Towers under the auspices of ‘the Flames of Discontent’. My performances of this protest-folk repertoire have ranged from the 2001 rally for striking longshoreman in midtown Manhattan, to the 2004 “Million Worker March” at the Lincoln Memorial, to peace rallies outside West Point Military Academy, annual concerts in commemoration of Woody Guthrie and Phil Ochs to performances for May Day in Union Square Park or upstate New York, and to the creation of “the Dissident Arts Festival” and performances for union rallies and The People’s World newspaper’s “Better World Awards” and numerous coffee houses dotting the Hudson Valley. Wasn’t that a time.

The experience of the Hanns Eisler Festival--including the research on writing---also pushed me to become the author of numerous articles for the Left press and to collaborate on book projects with other writers and even to write works of fiction inspired by the working class struggle. A whole world of writers opened up for me and gifted authors such as John Reed, Langston Hughes and Dashiell Hammett became very influential to me. Most profoundly, it also affected my day job, catapulting me from the role of Music Therapist in a Brooklyn hospital into that of union Organizer, working for several progressive unions in both New York City and, for 5 years, in New York’s Hudson Valley. Through it all, the songs of social change provided the soundtrack, the drive. 

And after my return to NYC in 2010, I naturally leapt back into the free jazz/new music scene which I had engaged in so intently in the late 80s and 90s. My primary weapon is the vibraphone in this battle but I am also busy playing hand drums, frame drums, drumkit, xylophone and many other percussives. Upon returning, I found that the underground creative fervor had actually been born anew and the epicenter was in my town of Brooklyn. Talk about a homecoming. And of course, so much of free improvisation is about liberation, so many avant gardists were social activists and the symbolism inherent in the daring and the new couldn't be more obvious in relation to the reactionary world leaking into our existence through the hateful voices of Fox News and the Koch Brothers. This New Jazz that vibrates through the airspace of Williamsburg and Gowanus, the East Village and the West, speaks loudly and often angrily about the inequities in society. And so it is the music of a new day. I suppose it can be said that this entire journey, researching the arts-activism of the past and becoming a part of its present tense, has brought me to the here and now. 

These days I can be found performing with my very revolutionary quartet THE RED MICROPHONE as well as in some of the many assemblages led by reeds master and activist Ras Moshe. I am also the regular percussionist with Karl Berger's Improvisers Orchestra, work with international poet Erika Dagnino whenever she's in town and recently helped to found a new ensemble with trumpeter and alto clarinetist Matt Lavelle, Harmolodic Monk, adapting the compositions of Thelonious Monk to the free jazz theories of Ornette Coleman. I even rejoined Local 802 AFM and marched with union band on May Day 2013 (along with good brother Ras Moshe). The shackles are off and the journey----
---is on.

 Here’s to the future of cultural work and cultural workers…

-John Pietaro, Brooklyn NY